Thursday, January 28, 2010

Bengali Lesson 6

Hello Everyone! So today we are going to learn how to form negatives in Bangla. :) Its not a very big lesson, more to come soon.

Negative "to be"
ami noi- I'm not
tumi noo-you are not
se noy-he/she isn't
apni/tini non- You are not

Ami hindu noi-I am not Hindu
tini ki hindu noy?-Isn't he Hindu?
majhi roana hote raji holona- The boatman didnt want to set out.
Ami bangla bujhina-I dont understand Bengali.

Sunday, January 10, 2010

Saturday, January 9, 2010

Bengali Lesson 5

Bengali Lesson 5
Hello everyone, so we already learned the possives and the pronouns. Now its time to learn the verb, "to" in the present tense and the past tense. I was going to add how to form the negative in this lesson too, but I have decided to leave it out, so it won't overwhelm, it will be in the next lesson.
Present Tense "to be"

1.Ami achi-I am
2.Tumi acho-you are (familar) ache-s/he is
4.Apni/Tini acchen- (tini is plural you are for familar and apni is polite you are)

baba ki bari acchen? (Is father at home?)
Uni kothay acchen? (where is she/he?)
okhane amar kolom ache(my pen is there)

Past Tense "to be"
1.Ami Chillam-I was
2.Tumi Chile-you were chilo-s/he was
4.apni/tini chilen- you were (see above for explanation)

Okhane onek lok chilo-there were lots of people there.
Ami bhalo chillam-i was good

Thats all for this lesson. Next will be negative and then followed by possieve case :)

Wednesday, January 6, 2010

Bengali Lesson 4

Bengali Lesson 4: Possessive Pronouns
In this lesson we will learn how to make Possessive Pronouns in Bengali. It is fairly easy and as long as you know the Pronouns, you should no problem with possessive.
1.Amar-my amader-our
2.Tomar-your (familiar) tomader-your(you/plural)
apni-your(polite) apnader-your (plural/polite)
3. er-his/her (familiar/here) eder-their
enar-his/her (polite/here) enader-their
4.or-his/her(familiar/there) order-their
5.onar-his/her(polite/there) onader-their
6.tar-his/her(familiar/elsewhere) tader-their

Some sentances to go along with the lesson:
Amar rumal niin
-Take my handkerchief
ini amar ma-she is my mother
uni raniarbaba?- is he rani's father?
uni ki? -who's this?

Name all the personal pronouns from the first lesson.

Sunday, January 3, 2010

Bengali Lesson 3

Bengali Lesson 3: This lesson is going to have phareses and basic grammar. I tried to orginally do it in the Bengali script but I do not know the keyboard yet, so Im going to translitterate it.

In Bengali (বাংলা) it is extreamly imporant to indentfy the difference between things that are near and far. ( Just like in Pashto ) I dont think Hindi/Urdu has it to this extent.

For Example:
Ota-that (there)
seta-that (wherever else)

*In Bengali, when you make an s sound, most of the it goes along with a very light "sh" sound.

ogulo-those (there)
segulo-those(wherever else)

Here are Some Personal Pronouns in Bengali:
Ami- I Amra-We
tumi-you(Familar/singular) tomra-you
apni-you(Polite/plural) apnara-you

*The rest as mentioned before requires to regconigize the differences between-here, there and wherever else*

Here are the rest:
e(s/he-familar/here) era(They/familar/here)
ini(s/he-plural/polite-here) eera(they/plural/polite-here)
o(h/she/familar/there) ora(they/familar/there)
uni(h/she/polite/there) oora(they/polite/there)
tini (s/he/polite/elsewhere)taara(they/familar/elsewhere)

*I know it seems very hard at first, but you will get used to it. just note all polites are plural and you really want to make a distinaction as not to offend anyone. Also to learn better try making flashcards. This is what helps me the most*

Now as Promised some Bengalibasic phrases:
Aapnar/Tomar naam ki?-Whats your name?
Aamar naam....-my name is...
Haan nischoy - Yes, of course.
kemon acchen?-How are you?
ami bhalo acchi -I'm fine.
bujhte pari ni - I don't understand.

Hope you enjoyed this lesson! More to come soon =)

Bengali Lesson 2-Consonants

ক ko
খ kho
গ go
ঘ gho
ঙ ngo
চ co
ছ cho
জ jo
ঝ jho
ঞ no
ত to
থ tho
দ do
ধ dho
ন no
ট To
ঠ Tho
ড Do
ঢ Dho
ণ No
প po
ফ pho
ব bo
ভ bho
ম mo
য yo
র ro
ল lo
শ sho
ষ Sho
স so
হ ho
য় jo
ড় Ro
ঢ় Rho